Nepal is a country of highly diverse and rich geography, culture, and religions. The mountainous north has eight of the world’s ten highest mountains, including the highest, Mount Everest. Nepal is blessed with one of the richest cultures in the world. Culture has been called ‘the way of life for an entire society’. The statement holds particularly true in case of Nepal where every aspect of life, food, clothing and even occupations are culturally guided. The culture of Nepal includes the codes of manners, dress, language, rituals, norms of behavior and systems of belief.
We have many cases, culture and religions. So, Nepal is rich in cultural diversity. People lives in the Himalayas, mountains and the Tarai regions from east to west. They celebrate many festivals.Dashain is known as the most important festival among the Hindu people. During this festival, they worship Durga and take Tika as a holy Prasad. Like-wise Tihar is the second greatest festival. We worship Laxmi and exchange tika between brothers and sisters. So, is also known as Bhai taka. In the Tarai, the women celebrate Sama chakhewa, as a symbol of relationship between brothers and sisters, chhath, Holi or Fagu purnima. Teej is nest important festival among the Hindu women. They worship god Shiva for their husbands, long life. Jitiya is celebrated in the Tharu community. It is like Teej.In western Nepal,Gaura festival is celebrated. They worship Shiva. They also perform Dueda dance. In the Eastern Hills,chandi naach is popular. They mainly worship their ancestors during the festival. The gurung, taming and Sherpa’s celebrate Losar as the new year of their societies.
Nepalese are among the most hospitable hosts. This is the reason for which tourists from far and wide enjoy coming to Nepal time and again. Local Nepalese are generally rural people who welcome the tourists to their homes for tea, coffee or supper. Nepalese are culturally warm, hospitable and affectionate hosts who place their heart above their head.
The clothes are used according to their geographical belt in Nepal. People of the mountain belt wear thick and long woolen clothes called Bakku and Docha. The people of the hilly region wear Kachhar, Bhoto and cap. The Terai people wear Dhoti and long shirt called Kurta. The Mayalposh Suruwal, coat and cap are the national dress of Nepalese people. Fariya (sari) and Cholo (Blouse) are popular among the Terai females. Women wear the dresses also Patuka and Shawl called Panchhyyaura. Besides our national attire, people use western dresses and clothes, too in Nepal.
The culture of Nepal is a unique combination of tradition and novelty. The traditions are followed as they were and new customs are created to keep pace with the changing times. Culture in Nepal is an assemblage of music, architecture, religion and literature. The mountain kingdom of Nepal is multi-ethic and multi-lingual. The land is rich with more than 35 ethnic groups following different traditions and culture. The main rituals followed in Nepal are naming ceremony, rice-feeding ,ceremony, tonsure ceremony, ceremony of giving Nepali Sari (Guniu),marriage ceremony and funeral rite.The rituals are still prevailing in society and are performed with zeal. Different ritual experts have different roles in these rituals.